BTEC National Level 3,
HNC and HND (Y201 onwards) - Engineering Science - UNIT03
General
Engineering Mechanical Science, also known as Science for
Engineers / or Technicians
Covers the following unit codes;
C&G 402/428/429/430/514/518 / MCA LvI&II / DR3L 34 / DR1T
34 / DT9T 34 / DT9P 34 / DT9X 34 / 2287U / A/101/1007 / K/101/1035
/ 21722P / 21793P (9503M) / 21718P (9499M) / Y/101/9311 / 20915V
/ D/101/9357 / 2287U / F/600/0254 / L/601/1404
Mandatory Sections include;
0- Pre-requisites
and Units
1.1-1.2-
Static Systems
1.3-1.4-
Dynamic Systems
2-
Electrial and Electronic Principles
3- See
optional section
4.1-4.2-
Engineering Systems- Information, Energy and Control
Optional sections (a min. of 3
topics from the following to be incorporated into the
course of study; 3.1 & 3.2, or 3.1 & 3.3 are
mandatory);
3.1-
Heat Transfer
3.2-
Thermodynamics
3.3-
Fluid Dynamics
3.4.1-
Colour and Cameras (Macrophotography [fl<x10^-6])
3.4.2-
Microscopy (Microphotography [fl>x10^-6])
3.4.3-
Aerodynamics
Pre-requisites
for this unit:
English- essay writing ability and speech, literacy, correct use
of punctuation, verbs and adjectives, presentation skills,
practical demonstrations, verbal reasoning, use of the telephone,
library reference system, Harvard referencing system,
organisational skills, self discipline and attendance,
communication
Mathematics; geometry, algebra and trigonometry, core skills-
application of number (see below).
Skills
You Should Have for Engineering Science:
Below is the list of the skills you should be confident with
before starting the FE Engineering Science course:
Mathematics skills;
basic mensuration (units and measuring)
geometry
basic algebra (non-calculator), inc. transposition
simplifying algebraic expressions
laws of indices
expanding and factorising expressions (one term outside)
laws of indices for all rational exponents (positive, negative,
fractions)
quadratic functions (non-calculator)
plotting graphs of quadratic functions
expanding and factorising quadratics (two brackets)
solving quadratic equations by factorising
solving quadratic equations using the formula
equations and inequalities (non-calculator)
solving simultaneous linear equations by elimination
solving simultaneous linear equations by substitution
solving linear inequalities
trigonometric functions (SOHCAHTOA)
sine rule (SIN)
cosine rule (COS)
use of tangent function (TAN)
using the sine rule to find missing sides and angles (SOH: Oranges
Have Segments)
using the cosine rule to find missing sides and angles (CAH: Apples
Have Cores)
using the tangent rule to find missing sides and angles (TOA: O.A.T.
... think Quaker Oats!)
using sine rule, cosine rule, trig ratios and pythagoras in
problems
Science skills:
knowledge of practical physics
law of gravity
mass, acceleration/gravity and force relationship
periodic table
metals and non-metals
ferrous and non-ferrous
common gases
common liquids
specific gravities (S.G.) of common fluids (liquids and gases)
solids inc. metallic structures; simple, body or face centered
cubic
chemical symbols and elements
chemical compounds
atomic structure- atom and electron cell structure/order
element groups
reactivity series
basic chemistry
basic electromagnetic spectrum, inc. the visable colour spectrum
of light
conduction (electricity)
ohms law (V= I x R)
concept of magnetism
basic human anthropometrics
experimentation: methods and techniques
Higher National Engineering by Mike Tooley and Lloyd Dingle provides full coverage of the following core units of the Edexcel Foundation's new Higher National Certificate and Higher National Diploma schemes for Engineering.
Web-links; The sites listed in the table below will provide you with additional resources and support material:
Unit Code / Year
Section / Sub-Sec.
Learning Outcome
U21718P2008-h1-3-0.0.HSE
U21718P2008-h1-3-0.1
U21718P2008-h1-3-0.2
Subject
Contents
Resources
Technician
Introduction and Syllabus Contents (inc. Health and Safety)
This
unit includes, but is not limited to;
units, statics, kinematics, dynamics, friction,
machines, applied mechanics, strength of
materials, fluids at rest, transverse stability,
heat energy, gas laws, combustion, refrigeration,
nature of electricity, electric currents,
electric circuits, resistance, primary and
secondary cells, magnetic fields, electromagnetic
induction, measuring instruments and measurements,
information systems, and control processes.
A student is expected, where a topic is only
covered in part in class, to self study a minimum
of 1-2 hours per unit, per week, on the remaining
sub-topic areas (contained herein) to ensure full
coverage of the units expectations, engineering
council minimum specification requirements at
level 3-5 and engineering institutions guidance
on minimum subject requirements for EngTech level.
Students are reminded, in line with UKSPEC, to
uphold the following four fundamental Ethical
principles;
1. Honesty and integrity;
2. Respect for life, law, the environment and
public good;
3. Accuracy and rigour;
4. Leadership and communication.
In addition, I add the following;
Question everything;
Don't always assume everything is 'correct';
Apply safe working practices- have a "Safety
First" mindset;
Measure twice, Cut once!
Innovate, Conceptualize, Design, Develop, and
Create;
Learn empathy and perseverance;
Avoid corrosive personalities- these people never
"learn" or "change" (i've met
a few in my time!).
Initiate Change- be an active change promotor/agent.
"We must learn by our mistakes, not make new
ones";
Be prepared to argue somthing if YOU believe that
it is the safe way and not the old way or those
with the"we have always done it that way"
attitude. Prevention always overrules
corrective action if it can be avoided
in the first place (or prevent an
accident).
Have a CAN DO approach.
Work as a Team, and help each
other, within your peer group/ department at work-
remember we have to get along with
everyone.
... and above all;
Five Mantras; (1) Equality, (2) Opportunity, (3)
Wisdom, (4) Freedom and (5) Love.
Health and Safety Law:
The main principles of health and safety law in
Great Britain are that:
1) Employers have to look after the health,
safety and welfare of all their employees
2) Employees and the self employed have to look
after their own health and safety;
3) Everyone has to take care of the health and
safety of others, for example members of the
public who may be affected by their work.
These principles are set out in the Health and
Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (the HSW Act).
International
System of Units and Units of Measure
International
system of units, Imperial conversion, useful
scientific data, and sources of reference
material for the Engineer
Simply Metric (1973), BFI film;
Basic system of SI units; SI-units- basic group,
derived group, prefixes, nomenclature, symbols
and units, know fundamental and derived metric
units, states the fundamental units of length,
mass and time in S.I., dimensional analysis M-L-T
units of measurement, states the values of the
prefixes: pico, nano, micro, milli, centi, kilo,
mega, giga and tera, defines density and its
units, defines relative density, imperial
relations and conversion between imperial and SI
units and vice-versa, standard form, mass, weight,
gravity (Newton's law of gravitation), state that
the formula F = ma is a mathematical
representation of Newton's Law that force is
proportional to the rate of change of momentum,
use the formula F = ma to define the Newton as
the unit of force, forces applied to a static
object- state that the weight is the effect of
gravity on a mass, and that the weight of one
kilogram mass is approximately 9.81 N, state that
gravitational force exists and leads to free fall
acceleration, state that the average acceleration
due to gravity is approximately 9.81 m/s2, define
intensity of pressure as force per unit area,
state that the fundamental derived unit of
pressure is the Newton per square meter and is
called the Pascal, state that there is pressure
due to the atmosphere, define the bar as 10^5
pascals (10^5 N/m2), state absolute pressure
equals gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure,
common formulae, examples and problems
Newton's
laws- Newton described force as the ability to
cause a mass to accelerate. His three laws can be
summarized as follows:
• First law: If there is no net force on an
object, then its velocity is constant. The object
is either at rest (if its velocity is equal to
zero), or it moves with constant speed in a
single direction.
• Second law: The rate of change of linear
momentum P of an object is equal to the net force
Fnet, i.e., dP/dt = Fnet.
• Third law: When a first body exerts a
force F1 on a second body, the second body
simultaneously exerts a force F2 = -F1 on the
first body. This means that F1 and F2 are equal
in magnitude and opposite in direction.
General physics- heat, light, sound, periodic
table of the elements (reference), galvanic
series (noble and least noble), basic chemistry,
mechanical drawing and sketching, theoretical and
applied mechanics- solve problems involving mass,
force, acceleration, area and pressure.
Students at Technician level should experience basic chemistry and laboratory testing in order to gain knowledge on the planning, set-up, experimentation, analysis and verification aspects of Engineering. Tests should include basic weight determination (weight in air, weight in water), seperation of liquids and solids, material contents of mixtures, filtering and evaporation, cleaning and etching, tensile and impact testing.
Computer Sciences, Communication, Drawings; Traditional, CAD, CAM, types of CAD, types of drawings, reading drawings, 3rd and 1st Angle, Projections, 2D, 3D, Isometric, information on drawings, symbols, standards, conventions, quality, Information and Technology (IT), software and hardware, CPU, processor, hard drive/backing store, CAD formats and their use, CAD-CAM, Analysis, FEA, CFD, MBS, problem solving IT, security.
Students within the Science module shall produce at least 1 Engineering drawing or diagram, either as classwork or part of an assessed unit. The drawing or diagram shall be formal and presented accordining to general scientific and/or Engineering convention(s). Reference in the study or assignment shall quote the tools and techniques of the computer science elements required within Engineering.
Book: Tooley, Mike, and Dingle, Lloyd, 1999. Higher National Engineering, Newnes; 2nd Revised edition edition (16 Sept. 1999), ISBN 978-0750646291.
Book: Callister Jr., William D., 1999, Materials Science and Engineering, 5th Edition, Wiley.
Book: Dally, J.W., and Riley, W.F., Instrumentation for Engineering Measurements, 1993, Wiley, ISBN 9780471551928
Book: Morris, A.S., Principles of Measurement and Instrumentation, 1993, Prentice-Hall, ISBN 9780134897097
Book: Bolton, W., Instrumentation and Measurement Pocket Book, 1991, Butterworth Heinemann, ISBN 9781483142371
Book: SIMMONS, C. H., PHELPS, Neil,, MAGUIRE, D. E., 2012. Manual of engineering drawing : technical product specification and documentation to British and international standards. 4th. Butterworth-Heinemann.
BS 8888:2017 –Technical product documentation and specification. The latest version is a comprehensive update to the UK’s national framework standard for engineering drawings and geometrical tolerancing.
BS 5606:1990 Guide to accuracy in building
Extracts from British Standards for Students of Structural Design, BSI, 1988
Other British Standards; BS 4000 (drawing sheets), BS ISO 286-2 (limits & fits), EN 2544 (rivets), BS EN ISO 2553 (welding), BS 1134 (surface texture), EN 2851 (part marking)
Static
force systems; definition of a force,
acceleration due to gravity, vectors and scalars,
defines stable, unstable and neutral equilibrium,
defines the moment of a force about a point,
states the principle of moments, define a scalar
quantity, define a vector quantity, state that a
force is a vector quantity, resolve a force into
horizontal and vertical components, deduces that
V = F SinQ and H = F CosQ values of Q (theta)
being restricted to the first quadrant, adding
vectors graphically and analytically, resolution
of forces using sin and cos vector derivation,
state that three co-planar forces in equilibrium
must meet at a point or act parallel to each
other, triangle of forces, Bow's notation, deduce
the resultant of two forces meeting at a point,
state that the components of the resultant are
the separate sums of the components of the two
forces, states the theorem of the parallelogram
of forces, solve simple problems involving two
forces meeting at a point, define static
equilibrium, solve graphically and analytically a
static force system that involves no more than 3
coplanar forces, technique to solve a static
force system that involves more than 3 coplanar
forces (higher level), wind force, navigation and
compass work, two and three dimensional pin
jointed frames, solve problems associated with
the turning effect of a force
Convention
in the UK is that we read left to right, thus
force-moment analysis is done in the similar
fashion;
• x-dir, L to R; +'ive
• y-dir, Bottom to top; +'ive
• Moments; -'ive anti-clockwise, opposing
gravity 'down' from a hanger fixed to the 'left-wall',
+'ive clockwise
This is a generalised convention, however
acceptance is made if the signs and directions
correspond with the system analysis conducted in
an alterative way i.e. depicted graphically on a
sketch, drawing or free body diagram.
Statics-
Statics is the branch of mechanics that is
concerned with the analysis of loads (force and
torque, or "moment") acting on physical
systems that do not experience an acceleration (a=0),
but rather, are in static equilibrium with their
environment. When in static equilibrium, the
acceleration of the system is zero and the system
is either at rest, or its centre of mass moves at
constant velocity. Newton's second law
F = m a
Where bold font indicates a vector that has
magnitude and direction. F is the total of the
forces acting on the system, m is the mass of the
system and a is the acceleration of the system.
The summation of forces will give the direction
and the magnitude of the acceleration will be
inversely proportional to the mass.
The summation of forces, one of which might be
unknown, allows that unknown to be found.
Likewise the application of the assumption of
zero acceleration to the summation of moments
acting on the system.
M = I a = 0
Here, M is the summation of all moments acting on
the system, I is the moment of inertia of the
mass and a = 0 the angular acceleration of the
system.
The summation of moments, one of which might be
unknown, allows that unknown to be found. These
two equations together, can be applied to solve
for as many as two loads (forces and moments)
acting on the system.
From Newton's first law, this implies that the
net force and net torque on every part of the
system is zero. The net forces equalling zero is
known as the first condition for equilibrium, and
the net torque equalling zero is known as the
second condition for equilibrium, and is
Statically determinate. A system is said to be
Statically indeterminate when the static
equilibrium equations (force and moment
equilibrium conditions) are insufficient for
determining the internal forces and reactions on
that structure.
Book: BEER, Ferdinand P., JOHNSTON, E. Russell, MAZUREK, David F., c2013. Vector mechanics for engineers. Statics. 10th. McGraw-HillM.
Book: BEER, Ferdinand P., JOHNSTON, E. Russell, CORNWELL, Phillip J., c2013. Vector mechanics for engineers : dynamics. 10th ed. Mcgraw-Hill Education.
Book: Gentle, R., Edwards, P., Bolton, B., Mechanical Engineering Systems, 2001, IIE Textbook Series from Butterworth-Heinemann
Book: Timings, Roger L., Engineering Materials Volume 2, Second Edition
Book: Metcalfe, P., Metcalfe, R., Excel Senior High School: Engineering Studies, 2004, Pascal Press, ISBN 174125051X
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.1.02
Subject
Contents
Resources
Basic
Statics, Mass, Density and Volume
Force-
From Newton, force can be defined as an exertion
or pressure which can cause an object to
accelerate. The concept of force is used to
describe an influence which causes a free body (object)
to accelerate. It can be a push or a pull, which
causes an object to change direction, have new
velocity, or to deform temporarily or permanently.
Generally speaking, force causes an object's
state of motion to change.
Solve simple problems
relating to mass, volume and density of solids,
states that a litre is 1 X 10^-3 m3
Book: Bolton, W., Mechanical Science, 1998, Oxford Blackwell Science, ISBN 9780632049141
Book: Bird, J., Science for Engineering, 2003, Routledge, ISBN 9780750657778
Book: Bedford, Anthony M.; Fowler, Wallace, Engineering Mechanics: Statics, 1999, Pearson, ISBN 9780201180701
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.1.03
Subject
Contents
Resources
Shear
Force and Bending Moment Diagrams
Simply
supported beams; free body diagrams, concentrated
point loads, lines of action, plot shear force
and bending moment diagrams
Research Machines (self-study
task);
Machine-
defines a machine as a device for changing the
magnitude and line of action of a force, define
force ratio (Mechanical Advantage), define a
movement ratio (Velocity Ratio), determine
efficiency in terms of MA and VR, derive the
Linear Law applicable to a machine E = aW + c,
explain why the machine efficiency cannot reach
100%, describe with the aid of sketches the
construction of: (a) the differential wheel and
axle; (b) the Weston differential pulley block; (c)
the screwjack; (d) the crabwinch; (e) the worm
and worm wheel; (f) rope-pulley block system,
determine the Velocity Ratio for the machines,
solves problems related to simple lifting
machines (e.g. cranes, lifts, derricks)
Book: Hannah, J.; Hillier, M. J., Mechanical Engineering Science, 1991, Prentice Hall, ISBN 9780582061576
Book: Darbyshire, Alan, Mechanical Engineering: BTEC National Option Units, 2003, Newnes, ISBN 9780750657617
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.1.04
Subject
Contents
Resources
Uniformly
Distributed Loads (UDL's) and Unity Factor Method
Uniformly
distributed loads (UDL's), conditions for static
equilibrium, combinations of both concentrated
point loads and UDL's and comparison for higher
or lower order loading levels (i.e. bridges for
vehicle transport- use at busy times compared to
times when unloaded on the bridge deck), solve
simple problems on levers, shafts, cantilevers
and simply supported beams involving concentrated
or uniformly distributed loads
Unity factor method- for
the conversion of units, metric and imperial, use
of imperial and metric units for a variety of
engineering problems, conversion of metric to
imperial and vice-versa
Book: BEER, Ferdinand P., SANGHI, Sanjeev., c2012. Mechanics of materials. 6th edition. McGraw-Hill.
Book: HIBBELER, Russell C., 2019. Statics and mechanics of materials. 5th ed. Pearson Education Limited.
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.1.05
Subject
Contents
Resources
Bending
Moments and Centroids
Moments
and turning forces; definition of moments and
turning forces, fulcrum and axis of rotation,
moment, couple and turning effects, moment about
a point, sum of moments, define centroid of a
lamina and centre of area, balance points and
centre of gravity (C of G), sketch the position
of the centroid of a symmetrical lamina such as a
rectangle, define centroid of a mass and refers
to the centre of gravity of a mass, centroids of
plane figures- square/rectangle, circle, triangle,
break down complex shapes into simple shapes,
find centroids by taking moments, wind loads
acting on simple structures (i.e. flag pole)
Book: HIBBELER, R. C., 2014. Statics and mechanics of materials. 4th. Pearson Education South Asia.
Book: HIBBELER, R. C., FAN, S. C., FAN, Sau Cheong., 2011. Statics and mechanics of materials. 3rd ed. in SI units. Prentice Hall.
Book: Wright, Paul H., Introduction to Engineering, 2002
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.2
1.2 Static Engineering Systems-
Torsion
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.2.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Torsion
and Eulers Column Theory
Bending;
Engineers theory of bending, stress distribution,
middle third rule, determine distribution of
shear force, bending moment, and stress due to
bending, and radius of curvature, in simply
supported beams subjected to concentrated and
uniformly distributed loads, beams and columns,
elastic section modulus 'z' for beams, standard
tables for rolled beams, standard sections (and
types), selection of standard sections, columns,
Eulers theory, Slenderness ratio, Eccentric
loading of columns
Torsion; define shear stress, define
shear strain, define ultimate shear strength,
determine distribution of shear stress and
angular deflection due to torsion in circular
shafts, shear strain, shear modulus, theory of
torsion and its assumptions, distribution of
shear stress and angle of twist in solid and
hollow circular section shafts, engineers theory
of torsion equation, defines torque, define work
done in terms of torque and angle turned, draw
graphs of force/distance and torque/angle turned
and relate the area under the graph to work done
Book: Roy Chudley, Roger Greeno, Building Construction Handbook, 2014, Routledge
Book: Pippard, A. J. S., Baker, J. F., The Analysis of Engineering Structures, 2nd Edition, Edward Arnold, 1945
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.2.02
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.2.03
Subject
Contents
Resources
Stress,
Strain and Pressure Vessels
Stress
and Strain; define stress, defines stress as the
load carried by unit area, solve simple problems
involving direct stress, define strain, define
strain as change in dimension per unit original
dimension, calculate simple problems involving
direct strain, describe various types of stress
and strain, solve simple problems involving force,
area and pressure, strength of materials-
recognise tensile, compressive and shear forces,
determine experimentally stress and strain for
given elastic materials, define elasticity and
plasticity, understand laboratory techniques for
determining the stress and strain relationships
of elastic and inelastic (brittle) materials,
metallurgy and testing of materials, define Young's
Modulus (YM), calculate YM, state Hooke's Law,
Tensile stress, Compressive Stress, Shear Stress,
Spring Stiffness, helical springs, sketch a
complete load/extension diagram for a low carbon
steel, draw graphs of force/extension and stress/strain
for an elastic material, plotting stress strain
curves for two or more engineering materials,
describe the form of stress/strain graphs for
brittle and ductile materials, understand a
materials Ultimate Tensile Stress (UTS) point,
calculate the proof stress, YM, UTS from a
plotted curve, define the terms; ductility,
brittleness, hardness, limit of proportionality,
elastic limit, yield stress, define Factor of
Safety (FoS) and how it relates to the UTS,
Ultimate Compression Stress (UCS) and working
stress, resolve stress engineering problems to
determine the safe limits of operation, and their
FoS, solve simple problems involving shear,
description of fatigue stress and periods of
oscillation over the life of the item under
stress by use of a Goodman-Haigh diagram
Book: Gere, James M., Timoshenko, Stephen P., Mechanics of materials, Third SI edition, 1994, Chapman & Hall, London, ISBN 0 412 36880 3
Book: Hearn, E. J., Mechanics of Materials Volume 1: An Introduction to the Mechanics of Elastic and Plastic Deformation, 3rd Revised edition, 1997, Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN 9780750632652
Book: Hearn, E. J., Mechanics of Materials Volume 2: The Mechanics of Elastic and Plastic Deformation of Solids and Structural Materials, 3rd edition, 1997, Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN 978-0750632669
Book: Warnock, F. V., Strength of Materials, 6th Edition, Engineering Degree Series, Pitman, 1946
Book: Higgins, R. A., Materials for the Engineering Technician, Edward Arnold, 1987, ISBN 0340414766
Kinematics-
solve problems involving distance, time, velocity
and acceleration, defines speed, calculate
average speed from given time and distance data,
solve engineering problems that involve the
combination of linear motion, angular motion and
friction, definitions of distance, velocity and
acceleration (differentiation and integration
relationship between the three derivations, and
how to get velocity (m/s) from acceleration (m/s^2),
or distance (m) from velocity (m/s)), velocity-time
graphs, equations of motion, momentum and inertia,
define momentum as the product of mass and
velocity, mass moment of inertia, conservation of
momentum and impact, radius of gyration, select
and justify the use of energy methods to solve
motion problems
Uniform acceleration; determine
behaviour of dynamic mechanical systems in which
linear and/or angular acceleration is present,
state the difference between speed and velocity
and between distance and displacement, plot
straight line distance time graphs, calculate the
gradient of such graphs and interprets the slope
as speed, define acceleration, plot straight line
velocity time graphs, calculate the gradient of
such graphs and interprets the slope as
acceleration, solve problems using the equation
distance = average speed x time, calculates
distance from the area under velocity/time graph
Dynamics (mechanics)-
Dynamics is a branch of applied mathematics (specifically
classical mechanics) concerned with the study of
forces and torques and their effect on motion, as
opposed to kinematics, which studies the motion
of objects without reference to its causes. Isaac
Newton defined the fundamental physical laws
which govern dynamics in physics, especially his
second law of motion. (Note, I have not used the
word 'Dynamic' for the subject title of this sub-section,
as this part relates to Kinematics, with its own
definition)
Book: Bolton, W., Engineering Science, 2007, Routledge, ISBN 9781136406201
Book: Bell, A.E., Mechanical Engineering Science, in SI units, Cassell, 1975, ISBN 0304936162
Book: Drabble, George E., Dynamics, Foundations of Engineering Series, 1990, Macmillan International Higher Education, ISBN 9781349104482
Book: Matthews, c., Engineers' Data Book, 4th Edition, Wiley, ISBN 9781119976226
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.3.02
Subject
Contents
Resources
Newtons
Laws, Second Moment of Area and SHM
Dynamic
forces; Newton's
Laws and Energy; solve angular motion problems
using Newton's laws of motion, solve linear
problems using conservation of energy, solve
linear motion problems using Newton's laws, mass moment of inertia
and radius of gyration of rotating components, combined linear and angular
motion, Beaufort force and wind speed, gears,
balancing of rotating masses
Mechanical oscillations;
determine behaviour of oscillating mechanical
systems in which simple harmonic motion (SHM) is
present, linear and transverse systems,
qualitative description of the effects of forcing
and damping
In principle,
researchers involved in dynamics study how a
physical system might develop or alter over time
and study the causes of those changes. In
addition, Newton established the fundamental
physical laws which govern dynamics in physics.
By studying his system of mechanics, dynamics can
be understood. In particular, dynamics is mostly
related to Newton's second law of motion.
However, all three laws of motion are
taken into account because these are interrelated
in any given observation or experiment.
Work
and Energy; define work done in terms of force
and distance moved, define the joule, molecular
theory of matter and its definition, structure of
matter- atoms and molecules, states of matter-
solid, liquid and gas, and their boundary
transitions of state, latent heat, changes of
state, latent and specific heat, describes fuels
as sources of energy, state that heat being a
form of energy, the unit for quantity of heat is
the joule, distinguishes between temperature and
heat energy, definition of temperature and
temperature scales, defines the fixed points on
the Celsius scale of temperature, describes
temperature measuring devices: (a) a liquid in
glass thermometer; (b) thermocouple; and (c)
pyrometer, definition and characteristic of heat,
definitions of work done, energy, D'Alembert's
principle (virtual work), describe energy as a
capacity to do work, conservation of energy,
states the law of conservation of energy, give
examples of energy conservation devices, work
done against friction, different types of energy,
mechanical energy- potential (PE), kinetic (KE)
and rotational (RE), problem using energy methods,
strain energy, work-energy transfer systems with
combined linear and angular motion, effects of
impact loading
Book: THOMSON, William T., 1993. Theory of vibration with applications. 4th ed. Chapman and Hall.
Book: WEAVER, William,, TIMOSHENKO, Stephen P., YOUNG, D. H., 1990. Vibration problems in engineering. 5th ed. Wiley.
Book: MOBLEY, R. Keith., 1999. Vibration fundamentals. Newnes.
U21718P2008-h1-3-1.3.04
Subject
Contents
Resources
Mass
and Energy, Power and Friction
Energy
balances; Mass and energy, mass balance, energy
balance, linear and angular kinetic energy,
combined linear and angular motion, power,
effects of friction
Power and friction;
definition of power, state that power is the rate
of doing work or the rate of transfer of energy,
state that the Watt is the unit of power, power
transmitted by torque, define a friction force,
laws of dry friction, distinguishes between
"static" and "dynamic"
friction, coefficient of static friction, derive
the Coefficient of Friction between interacting
surfaces, angle of friction, horizontal planes,
graphical and analytical methods, friction on
inclined planes, resolution of forces,
equilibrium, point of sliding, increasing angle
of plane, describe the effect of lubricating two
surfaces in contact, solve problems involving
work, energy and power, define efficiency in
terms of energy input and output
Angular
Motion; Velocity and Acceleration, Centripetal
and Centrifugal Force
Angular
motions, definition of radians, angular distance,
angular velocity, angular acceleration, angular
momentum, convert revolutions and/or parts of a
revolution to radians and vice versa, convert a
given angular velocity in rev/min to rad/s and
vice versa, correlations between equations of
linear and angular motions, further use of Newton's
laws of motion (1st, 2nd and 3rd laws),
centripetal and centrifugal force
2.1 Electrical and Electronic
Principles- DC, Single Phase
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.1.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Electrical
Principles, DC circuits; Units, voltage, current,
series and parallel circuits
Voltage
and current; state that all conductors offer some
resistance to the flow of electric current, ohms
law for a one voltage source and resistive load,
and combinations of parallel and series and
resistive loads, states Ohm's Law (R = V/I) in
terms of the proportionality of current to
potential difference and that the unit of
resistance is the ohm, solve simple problems
using Ohm's Law, states that Power in watts
equals volts multiplied by amperes (P = V I),
state that power dissipated in a given conductor
is the product of a potential difference and the
current, use Ohm's Law to show that P = I^2R or V^2/R,
calculates the power dissipated in simple
circuits
Direct
current circuits; solve DC circuits involving one
voltage source and parallel/series combinations
of resistive load components, no more than 3
resistive loads min., identify the three main
effects of an electric current, solve problems
involving resistance variation with temperature
and resistivity, state the effect of temperature
increase on the resistance of metals, carbon,
electrolytes and insulation, defines the
temperature coefficient of resistance R = Rr[1 +
a(T - Tr)], solves simple problems involving the
temperature coefficient of resistance, definition
of resistance is proportional to resistivity and
length, and inversely proportional to cross
sectional area (R = ? l / A), defines resistivity
and solve simple problems involving resistivity
Series
circuits
describe a series circuit as one which provides
only one path for the flow of current through the
circuit, state that the current is the same in
all parts of a series circuit, state that the sum
of the voltages in an external series circuit is
equal to the total applied voltage, shows that
for resistors connected in series the equivalent
resistance is given by R = R1 + R2 + R3…
solves simple problems involving up to three
resistors connected in series including the use
of Ohm's Law
Parallel circuits
describes a parallel circuit as one which
provides alternative paths for the flow of
current through the circuit, state that the sum
of the current in resistors connected in parallel
is equal to the current flowing into the parallel
network, state that the potential difference (voltage)
is the same across resistors in parallel, shows
that for resistors connected in parallel the
equivalent resistance is given by 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2
+ 1/R3.. solves simple problems involving up to
three resistors connected in parallel by use of
Ohm's Law
Book: DORF, Richard C., SVOBODA, James A., 2010. Introduction to electric circuits. 8th edition. Wiley.
Book: SMITH, Ralph J. (Ralph Judson), Dorf, Richard C., 1992. Circuits, devices, and systems : a first course in electrical engineering. 5th edition. Wiley.
Book: Denton, T., Automobile Electrical and Electronic Systems, 1995, Edward Arnold, ISBN 9780340586044
Book: Miller, R., Electrician’s Pocket Manual, McGraw-Hill
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.1.02
Subject
Contents
Resources
Further
Electrical Principles; DC circuits; Electrical
conductivity, Resistance and Resistors
Electrical
and Electronic principles; describe the structure
of the atom and defines electron, proton and
neutron, describe the shells of electrons in the
atom and the detachment of a loosely held
electron by some influence, states that the free
movement of electrons gives a current of
electricity, states that, for unidirectional
continuous current free electrons must be
available in all parts of a circuit, states that
the SI unit for current is the ampere, state that
one ampere is one coulomb per second, that a
coulomb is the unit for quantity of electricity
and that a coulomb is composed of a specific and
very large number of electrons, defines the terms
"conductor" and "insulator"
and give a minimum of three examples of each,
basic electrical engineering, potential
difference, explain how a current flows due to
the existence of a potential difference between
two points in an electrical conductor, define
potential difference and states that the unit is
the volt, EMF- defines electromotive force (EMF /
e.m.f.) and states that the unit is the volt,
aware of the concepts of e.m.f. and internal
resistance, describes the potential difference (voltage)
of a source on no load as the e.m.f., defines
internal resistance, explain the effect of load
current on terminal p.d. and hence determines
internal resistance
Book: FLOYD, Thomas L., BUCHLA, David., 2014. Electronics fundamentals : circuits, devices and applications. Pearson.
Book: MADDOCK, R. J., CALCUTT, D., c1994. Electronics for engineers. 2nd. Longman Scientific & Technical.
Book: Jones, G.R. et al (ed), Electrical Engineer's Reference Book, Butterworth, 1993, ISBN 0750612029
Book: Nashelsky, L., Boylestad, R. L., Electronic Devices And Circuit Theory, 11th Edition, 2014, Pearson, ISBN 9789332542600
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.1.03
Subject
Contents
Resources
Kirchhoffs
Laws, Cells, Batteries, Capacitance, Capacitors,
Measurement and meters
Kirchoff's
(current 1st and 2nd) laws, voltage and current
dividers, cells, batteries,
battery types and cells, name secondary cells and
generators as sources of electricity, explain
difference between primary and secondary cells,
describes the chemical changes during the
charging and discharging of a simple lead-cell,
describes how, using a high resistance voltmeter,
the e.m.f. of charged lead-acid cells is measured:
(a) singly; (b) in series; and (c) in parallel,
explain the effects of load current on terminal p.d.
and hence determines internal resistance of cells,
label, given a diagram, the mains parts of: (a)
lead-acid cells; and (b) alkaline cells, states
that the capacity of a cell is measured in ampere
hours, use preferred symbols appropriate for the
representation of sources, cells and resistors,
and switches when drawing an electric circuit
diagram, motor
and generator principles, fundamental
relationships- resistance, inductance and
capacitance, discharge curves of capacitors,
ignition system- spark plug discharge, ignition
system circuit, ignition harness, wiring circuits-
wiring systems, fault and fault finding
techniques, solves problems associated with
simple electrical circuits
Measuring instruments
and measurements- describe with the aid of given
diagrams the principles of operation of: (a)
moving iron; and (b) moving coil instruments,
explain the needs for shunts and multipliers to
extend the range of a basic electrical indicating
instrument
Book: Del Toro, V., Electrical Engineering Fundamentals, Pearson College Div, 1986, ISBN 0132471310
Book: MORRIS, Alan S., 2001. Measurement and instrumentation principles. Butterworth-Heinemann.
Book: Bell, D.A., Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements, 1994, Prentice-Hall, ISBN 9780132499545
Book: Mileaf, H., Howard W Sams, Electrical Test Equipment, 1989, ISBN 9780672226946
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.2
2.2 Electrical and Electronic
Principles- AC Theory
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.2.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Single
Phase Alternating Current (AC) and Inductance
Establish
the difference between DC and AC circuits, Single
Phase Alternating Current (AC) Theory,
Non-resonant circuits; solve problems on non-resonant
circuits and resonance circuits supplied by a
constant sinusoidal voltage, equivalent impedance
and admittance for circuits containing R-L-C,
when connected in series and parallel, current
flow, potential difference, characteristic
impedance for power transmission, power factor,
true, reactive and apparent power for these
circuits, use of Argand diagrams to display the
solutions to problems
Resonant circuits; definition of circuit
resonance, circuit conditions at resonance for
circuits containing a coil and capacitor
connected either in series or parallel, resonant
frequency, Q-factor and dynamic impedance for
these circuits
Power factor correction; power factor, true and
apparent power, describe the methods used for
power factor correction and its benefits,
capacitance required to improve the overall power
factor of an inductive load, benefits of this
technique to the supply authorities
The notes above contain information on the following topic areas;
Power in Resistive and Reactive AC circuits.
Active, Reactive and Apparent Power.
The Significance of Power Factor.
Power Factor Correction.
Complex power.
Single Phase Power Systems.
Three Phase Power Systems.
Three Phase "Y" and "D" Configurations.
Power in three-phase systems.
Generation of three-phase voltages.
Book: Kempes Engineering Yearbook (Vols 1 and 2)
Book: Erik Oberg and Franklin D. Jones, Machinery's Handbook (latest edition)
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.3
2.3 Electromagnetic Waves,
Transformers, Power, Semiconductors, Motors, Logic and
Waveguides
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.3.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Electromagnetic
Waves and Waveforms
Complex
waveforms; describe the nature of complex
waveforms and synthesise a complex waveform
graphically, describe/explanation of how
electrical and electronic devices produce/are
produced from complex waveforms/sinusoidal
waveforms, graphical synthesis of a complex
waveform, recognition of waveforms containing odd-order
harmonics only and even-order harmonics only (including
the effects of phase shift), production of
harmonics due to non-linear characteristics in
electrical and electronic devices, advantages and
disadvantages of selective resonance in a system,
describe the effects of complex waveforms on
electrical and electronic systems
Transformers;
high and low frequency, transformation ratio,
current transformation, unloaded transformer,
input impedance, maximum power transfer and
transformer losses, solve transformer winding
problems to provide the correct voltage output
required to power the electrical circuit, diode
bridge rectifier and use of smoothing and
regulation devices, state examples of an electric
current being used for; (1) its magnetic effect,
(2) its chemical effect and (3) its heating
effect, identify the effect being made use of in
given specific cases- examples electromagnet,
electroplating, electric fire, and fuses
The notes above contain information on the following topic areas;
1. Semiconductor Theory
1.1 Atomic Structure.
1.2 Energy Bands.
1.3 Covalent Bonding.
1.4 Conduction Process.
1.5 Doping Process.
1.6 N-Type Semiconductor.
1.7 P-Type Semiconductor.
The notes above contain information on the following topic areas;
2. The PN Junction
2.1 Construction.
2.2 Current Flow in the N-Type Material.
2.3 Current Flow in the P-Type Material.
3. The Junction Barrier
3.1 Forward Bias.
3.2 Reverse Bias.
3.3 The Diode.
Book: Sze, Simon M., Physics of Semiconductor Devices, John Wiley & Sons, 1981, ISBN 047109837X
Book: Hess, K., Advanced theory of semiconductor devices, Prentice Hall series in solid state physical electronics, Prentice-Hall, 1988, ISBN 0130115118
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.3.04
Subject
Contents
Resources
AC
and DC Motors
Small
electric motors, AC and DC motors and types,
commutator, induction (AC) type, stators,
armature construction, squirrel cage, synchronous
motors, motor working principles, torque and load
angle
Book: Hughes, A., Electric Motors and Drives: Fundamentals, Types and Applications, Newnes, 1993, ISBN 0750617411
Book: Chapman, S. J., Electric Machinery Fundamentals, McGraw-Hill Education (ISE Editions), 1991, ISBN 0071009728
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.3.05
Subject
Contents
Resources
Logic
and Waveguides
Other
Electrical systems- Logic control and waveguides;
Switching circuits, logic, truth tables, logic
circuits, duality, combinational and sequential
logic, bistable devices, multiple bistable
devices, logic symbols (BS and ANSI), waveguides,
types, forms, formula for wavelength, attenuation,
waveguide systems, waveguide standards, waveguide
example in relay feed units for satellite
communication transmission (Goonhilly, Cornwall)
Book: Leonard, L., Theory of waveguides: Techniques for the solution of waveguide problems, Newnes-Butterworths, 1975, ISBN 0408705612
Book: Mahmoud, S.F., Electromagnetic Waveguides Theory and applications, The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2011, ISBN 9781849193887
Book: Marcuvitz, N., Waveguide Handbook, The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 2011, ISBN 9781849193801
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.4
2.4 Magnetism and Acoustics
U21718P2008-h1-3-2.4.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Magnetism
and Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetism;
magnetic fields, magnetic effects of a current,
electromagnets, electro-magnetic induction,
defines the terms flux, flux density, m.m.f. (magnetic
motive force), and magnetizing force,
transformers, Lenz's law, Faraday's Law,
Generators and electric motors, galvanometers,
recognise the effects of ferromagnetic materials
on flux density, state the units of B, H, m.m.f.
Magnetism and Electromagnetic
Induction; state Lenz's Law, state Faraday's Laws
of electromagnetic induction, Fleming's right
hand rule, explain the motor principle in terms
of the interaction between two magnetic fields,
explain the function of the commutator, recognise
from the formula F = BIL, the linear relationship
between F and the other terms, explain the
generator principle in terms of Faraday's Laws
and Lenz's Law, recognise the linear relationship
between E and the other terms from the formulae E
- BLv, Fleming's left hand rule, describes
production of an induced e.m.f. due to a change
in magnetic field, motor principles, transformer
principles
Acoustic
units, sound pressure, loudness, microphones,
sound waves, velocity, frequency and wavelength,
reflection and diffraction, standing waves, human
ear receptive response, sound quality, transients,
decibel, broadcasting sound, audio practice (BBC
Television and Radio)
Book: Olson, H. F., Elements of Acoustical Engineering, D.Van Nostrand Co., New York, 1940
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.1
3.1 Heat Transfer
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.1.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Energy
Transfer in thermal and fluid systems
Modes of
heat transfer, fluids and thermodynamics; define
conduction, convection and radiation- describe
the modes, characteristics of gases, gas laws, -
ideal gas (P/T =C), Charles Law (V/T = C), Boyle's
Law (P a 1/V), general gas equation (pV/T = C),
solve problems involving gas laws, derive
absolute zero temperature and relays Kelvin scale
to the Celsius scale of temperature and visa-versa,
specific gas constant R and its units, states the
meaning of standard temperature pressure (STP)
and normal temperature pressure (NTP), heat
energy transfer problems involving mass, specific
heat capacity and temperature change, and
expansion, state that temperature differential
decides the direction of transfer of heat energy,
defines a change in enthalpy without change of
state (ie sensible heat), specific heat at
constant volume (Cv) and constant pressure (Cp),
defines specific heat capacity, state that a unit
of specific heat capacity is the kJ/kg K,
application of characteristic gas equation (pV =
mRT), solve problems involving pressure, volume,
temperature and mass
For Motorsport students;
Internal combustion engines; defines the
following engine power; (a) indicated power; (b)
brake power; (c) friction power; (d) cooling
water power; and (e) exhaust power, determine
mean effective pressure from an indicator card,
derive formula for indicated power in relation to
single acting engines operating on two and four
stroke cycles, define indicated and brake mean
effective pressures, defines specific fuel
consumption (s.f.c), defines the following engine
efficiencies: (a) mechanical efficiency; (b)
indicated thermal efficiency; and (c) brake
thermal efficiency, solves problems involving two
stroke and four stroke IC engines
Book: CENGEL, Yunus A.,, CIMBALA, John M.,, TURNER, Robert H.,, KANOGLU, Mehmet., 2017. Fundamentals of thermal-fluid sciences. 5th ed. McGraw-Hill Education.
Book: BATCHELOR, G. K., 1999. An introduction to fluid dynamics. 2nd pbk. ed. Cambridge University Press.
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.1.02
Subject
Contents
Resources
Energy and
Heat Transfer
Transfer of
heat energy, discuss expansion and contraction of
solids and liquids and the practical application
of thermal expansion and contraction, distinguish
between real and apparent expansion of a liquid,
solves problems relating change of temperature
and change of dimensions of solids and liquids,
define specific heat capacity without
reference to constant volume (Cv) or constant
pressure (Cp), solve problems involving
heat and cooling of solids and liquids relating
heat energy and temperature, describe how changes
of state occur without change in temperature,
define boiling and freezing points (i.e. mercury,
water, refrigerant), defines specific enthalpy of
fusion and specific enthalpy of evaporation,
solves problems involving mixtures of solids and
liquids, liquids and liquids, liquids and vapours
Basic laws of thermodynamics (1st
law) and fluids and their application to complex
engineering problems that require a multi-disciplinary
analytical approach for their solution (this
leads into the Thermo-Fluids module)
Book: Metcalfe F, Heat Engines and Applied Heat, 1966, Cassell
Book: Faber, O., Heating and Ventilating, Spon, 1959
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.1.03
Subject
Contents
Resources
Conduction,
Convection and Radiation
Heat
transfer rates; determine heat transfer rates in
thermal systems, thermal conductivity, natural
and forced convection coefficients, Stephan's
constant, black and grey body radiation,
conduction through insulated surfaces, discuss
the use of insulation to conserve fuel in a
heating installation, appreciate the effects of
heat energy supplied to solids, liquids and gases
Heat and
temperature, temperature measurement,
thermometers, thermocouples, heat energy transfer,
specific heat, specific heat for constant volume,
specific heat for constant pressure,
characteristic gas equation, latent heat,
temperature-energy diagrams
Book: INCROPERA, Frank P., 2006. Introduction to heat transfer. 5th ed. John Wiley.
Book: LONG, Christopher A., 1999. Essential heat transfer. Longman.
Book: Frank Kreith, Mark S. Bohn, Principles of Heat Transfer, PWS, 1996, ISBN 9780534954208
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.2
3.2 Thermodynamics
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.2.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Thermodynamic
basics
Basic
thermodynamics: expansion and compression of
gases, isothermal expansion or compression,
adiabatic expansion or compression, polytropic
expansion or compression, work done in an
expansion or compression non-flow process, heat
flow during an expansion or compression of gase
in a closed system, specific heats of gas, ratio
of specific heats, thermodynamic process formulae,
flow processes, steady flow energy equation (SFEE),
enthalpy, entropy
For
Aerospace, Motorsport and Heat and Ventilation (HV)
students;
Further thermodynamics and fluids; absolute and
gauge pressures, standard atmosphere, Avogadro's
hypothesis, polytropic expansion, closed
thermodynamic system energy equation, open
thermodynamic system energy equation, liquid and
soil fuels, gaseous fuels and the calorimeter,
process and definition of combustion, defines a
fuel and the types of fuels available for
combustion, combustion and heat (pressure)
engines, give the chemical symbols of the
elements and compounds associated with combustion,
gives meanings of suffix and prefix numbers
applied to chemical symbols, develop combustion
equations for hydrogen, carbon, sulphur, define
higher and lower calorific values of a fuel,
determine combustion analysis by mass, determine
theoretical or stoichiometric air requirements
for complete combustion of a fuel by mass,
defines excess air supply, discuss the effect of
excess and inadequate air supply in relation to
boilers and internal combustion engines
Book: EASTOP, T. D., MCCONKEY, A., 1993. Applied thermodynamics for engineering technologists. 5th edition. Longman, ISBN 978-0582091931
Book: Rogers, G., Mayhew, Y., 1992. Engineering Thermodynamics: Work and Heat Transfer, Longman Scientific; 4th edition, ISBN 978-0582045668
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.2.02
Subject
Contents
Resources
Thermo
Steam Tables
Properties
of steam, thermodynamic tables, properties and
the use of steam, steam tables, phase transition
of water into wet steam and by further
temperature (energy- enthalphy) increase to
superheated steam, wet steam and dryness fraction,
enthalphy-entropy diagrams, pressure-enthalphy
diagrams, volume of steam, internal energy of
steam, pV (pressure-volume) diagram for water-steam
substance, expansion of steam- non-flow process,
thermal and mechanical efficiency, power rating,
refrigeration
For
Heat and Ventilation (HV) students;
Refrigeration; state the properties of a
refrigerant (e.g. refrigerant 134a), describe the
basic refrigerant circuit for a compression type
domestic refrigeration plant (i.e. a household
fridge), state the condition of the refrigerant
at the various points in the circuit, health and
safety precautions when working with refrigerants,
future HFC refrigerants, reduction in pollutant
refrigerants damaging to the environment, Ozone
and CFCs
Expansion
of liquids and solids; linear expansion of solids,
define coefficient of linear expansion (dL = a l
dt), surface area expansion of solids (dA = 2a A
dt), volumetric expansion of solids (dV = 3a V dt),
derive coefficients of superficial and cubical
expansions, equations of expansion (+L, A or V)
and contraction (-L, A or V), derive the
relationship between temperature and the increase
of linear dimensions of solids and volumetric
dimensions of liquids,
Book: Lewitt, E. H., Thermodynamics applied to Heat Engines, 3rd Edition, Engineering Degree Series, Pitman, 1943
Book: Robinson, W., Dickson, J. M., Applied Thermodynamics, 2nd Edition, Engineering Degree Series, Pitman, 1947
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.3
3.3 Fluid Dynamics
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.3.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
Basic fluid
dynamics
Hydrostatics
and thermodynamics, principle of density,
specific weight, relative density, floating and
immersed bodies, Buoyancy, Archimedes's principle,
state the Principle of Archimedes and applies
this principle to the equilibrium of floating
bodies of simple geometrical form, solve simple
problems involving pressure and thrust due to
liquid depth with liquid on one side only,
determine the thrust exerted on horizontally and
vertically immersed surface
Book: Mott, Robert L., Applied fluid mechanics, 4th Revised edition edition, 1993, Macmillan USA, ISBN 978-0023842313
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.3.02
Subject
Contents
Resources
Hydrostatics
Hydrostatics;
hydrostatic pressure, pressure at depth,
understand that the pressure at a point in a
liquid is equal to pgh and is independent of area,
hydrostatic thrust on an immersed plane surface,
pressure measuring devices (u-tube manometer,
pizometer, barometer/tiefenmesser), construction
and workings of instruments, centre of pressure
of a rectangular retaining surface (i.e. dam)
with one edge in the free surface of a liquid,
example of pressure over an aircraft fuselage in
flight, where the pressure force is acting onto
the structure by the less dense surrounding air,
example of pressure over a pressure vessel hull (i.e.
submarine) where the pressure force is acting
onto the hull by the surrounding fluid (sea water),
pressure equalisation effects- balance, implosion
or explosion, crush depth of a submarine, ship
transverse stability (box shape only)- understand
the term "centre of gravity", "centre
of buoyancy" and metacentre as applied to a
box shaped vessel, state that it is usual to
measure the vertical position of the centre of
gravity of the ship above the keel and this is
denoted by KG, states that the height of the
centre of gravity of an item on the ship above
the keel is denoted by Kg, solve simple problems
involving addition of mass to the ship, solve
simple problems involving transverse movement of
masses across the deck using the given formula GM=mxd/ztan(Q),
ship stability problems, construction of
machinery, propellers etc., construction and
workings of ships and other marine vessels,
longitudinal stability of ships (higher level)
Book: Dr J. F. Douglas, Dr John Gasiorek, Prof John Swaffield, Fluid Mechanics, 3 edition, 1995, Longman, ISBN 978-0582234086
Book: Robert L. Daugherty, Joseph B. Franzini, John Finnemore, E. John Finnemore, Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications, 9th Revised edition edition, 1997, McGraw-Hill Inc. US, ISBN 978-0070219144
Book: Lewitt, E. H., Hydraulics, Engineering Degree Series, University College London, Pitman, 1927
Book: Mathematics for Marine Engineers (Reeds Marine Engineering and Technology Series)
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.3.03
Subject
Contents
Resources
Pipe flow
Fluid flow
in pipes; fluids in motion, continuity equation,
energy of a fluid, steady flow energy equation (SFEE),
Bernoulli's equation, flow regime- laminar flow,
transition and turbulent flow, flow measurement-
venturi and orifice meters, pitot-static tubes,
forces exerted by a jet of fluid, pipe bends and
other reductions (k-factors), Hydraulics- force
transmission, valve diagrams
Viscosity,
describe the effects of viscosity in fluid flow
systems, boundary layer formation, laminar and
turbulent flow, viscous drag, pressure loss in
pipes, effect of temperature on viscosity, non-Newtonian
fluids- shear thickening (rheopectic) and
thixotropic (thinning) fluids, bingham,
pseudoplastic, casson and dilatent fluid
rheograms, surface tension and capillary action
Energy losses; calculate energy losses due to
viscosity in fluid flow motions, dynamic
viscosity, power loss in plain journal and thrust
bearings, pipe friction coefficient, pressure
loss in pipes using Darcy's formula
3.4.1-
Colour and Cameras (Macrophotography [fl<x10^-6])
Colour and
Cameras; colour spectrum and wavelength, colour
mixing, colour measurement, understand the
fundamental principles of photography, rule of
thirds, composition, lumens, lux, colour
temperature, colour management, color gamut,
chromaticity coordinates and diagram, lighting,
traditional wet film processing and digital,
digital workflow and processing, preparing
technical images for incorporation into technical
publications, reports, essays or articles.
John Hedgecoe, J., The New Manual of Photography, Dorling Kindersley LTD, 2003, ISBN 9780751337372
Freeman, M., The Photographer's Studio Manual, Watson-Guptill Publications Inc., 1991, ISBN 0817454640
The Kodak Library of Creative Photography, 18 Volumes, Kodak, Time-Life, 1985
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.4.2.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
3.4.2-
Microscopy (Microphotography [fl>x10^-6])
Use of the microscope, parts of the microscope, lens and objective, sample preparation, mounting of specimens, performing visual inspection, recording microscope images, scale and proportion (measure),
digital workflow and processing, preparing
technical images for incorporation into technical
publications, reports, essays or articles.
Birchon, D., Optical Microscope Technique, Newnes practical science books, George Newnes Limited, London, 1961.
Duddington, C. L., Practical Microscopy, Pitman Publishing, New York, 1960.
U21718P2008-h1-3-3.4.3.01
Subject
Contents
Resources
3.4.3-
Aerodynamics
For
Aerospace and Motorsport students;
Flow over aerofoil surfaces; aerofoil definition,
aeroplanes in steady flight (aeronautics),
viscosity and streamlines, scaling, skin friction
and eddy formation, spinning, stability, flutter,
performance of aeroplanes, airscrews, forces and
stresses in aeroplanes, speed of air moving over
an aircraft wing in flight, comparison of the
pressure difference on the upper and lower
surfaces of the aerofoil to generate lift (pressure
decrease on upper surface, pressure decrease on
lower surface, and concept of low pressure moving
to the higher pressure area), NACA standard
aerofoils (types and shape), characteristic drag
factor, description of mach number against a
given high speed engineering application,
pressure wave generated at M= 1, M >1 mach,
sonic boom generated at mach 1, effects of the
sonic boom to the environment and disturbances it
may cause, convergent-divergent nozzle,
resistance of ships, flying boat hulls
Information systems; produce, read and interpret block
diagrams of closed-loop control systems, systems
and sub systems, system boundaries and subsystem
inputs and outputs, block diagram representation
of a typical information system, eg audio-communication,
instrumentation, process monitoring; qualitative
description of how electrical signals convey
system information; in depth analysis of a system
(to include, where applicable, transducers as
energy converters, types of transducer,
transducer output and accuracy), types of
amplifier, fluid amplifier, typical gain,
resolution of analogue to digital and digital to
analogue converters, actuation devices, types of
oscillators and operating frequencies; effect of
noise on a system; determination of a system
output for a given input, describe in qualitative
terms the operation, signal transmission and
signal conditioning of closed-loop proportional
feedback control systems, signal processing
Energy flow control systems; block diagram
representation of an energy flow control system (eg
AC electric drives, DC electric drives, heating,
lighting, air conditioning); in-depth analysis of
a control system (to include, where applicable,
the transistor as a switch, thyristor,
temperature-sensing devices, humidity sensing
devices, speed control elements for DC and AC
machines, dimmer devices and relays); describe
the methods by which electrical signals convey
information, determination of system output for a
given input, analyse an information system,
describe the methods by which electrical signals
control energy flow, analyse an energy flow
control system
Commercial and legal knowledge; health and safety,
documents, chartering, insurance etc., technical
organisation and administration, quality
assurance and quality control, ISO9001, repair
and maintenance in engineering practice, cost
estimation principles and technique
If at first you don't
succeed,
Try, try, try again.
- proverb by William Edward
Hickson, ref. Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (3rd edition).
Oxford University Press. 1979. p. 251.
Note: if you find any
errors with any of the notes or contents on this page, suspect
the information contained within a resource, description is
inaccurate or significantly out of date, then please email me at;
petero@oshproductionstudios.com